|Title||white gold bvlgari ring B zero1 copy frequently on|
|Description||Tongren City welcomes you
Tongren City for multi-ethnic settlements. There are 25 ethnic groups in China such as Han, Dong, Tujia, Miao, Yao, Hui, Gelao, commoner, Zhuang, Mongolia, water, Dai, Bai, Uighur, Li, Tibet, Beijing, She, North Korea, . In 1996, the total population of 24 ethnic minorities was 172,853 (including Dongzou 82,448, Tuas 520,420, Miao 342,446, Yao 1453, Hui 1163, and other minorities 1,486), the city's total population of 303,468 56.96% of Dongs, who claim to be 'gaeml' or 'jeml,' and in some cases jeml laox, jeml jaox, jeml tanx). The Han people call it the 'Dong Family' and the 'Supplement to the Book of Tomography of the Ming Dynasty.' It contains: 'People in the Diaspora can be scattered, the circle of Yuanxi, in the eternity, the yuan more' Dong ethnic distribution throughout urban and rural areas. In 1996, the total population of Dongs was 82,448, accounting for 27.17% of the total population of 306,468 people in the city and 47.70% of the total number of 172,853 ethnic minorities in the city. In 1988, a total of 110 Dong villages concentrated in more than 100 people. In 1996, among the 7 ethnic townships, the Dong townships in Tongmuping: 3,324 are Dongs, accounting for 37.98% of the total number of 8,753 people in the township; the Miao people in Dongtu: 14319 are Dongs, accounting for 72.42% of the total population of 19773 in the township; Tujia Dong Township: 11424 Dong people, accounting for 54.26% of bvlgari gold watch price knock off the total population of 21053 people in the township; Peace Tujia Dong township: 2254 Dong people, accounting for 23.71% of the township's total population of 9507 people; Dongliao Miao Township: Dongs 4009 people , The total township population of 18625 people 21.52%; Wafu Dong Township: 5882 Dong people, accounting for 56.81% of the total population of 10354 people of the township; Liu Yongshan Tujia Township: Dong 1771, accounting for the total population of 4144 people in the township 42.74% Dong staple rice, and eat corn, wheat, sweet potato, millet, sorghum and other miscellaneous grains and seasonal fruits and vegetables. Disastrous years or poor harvest years, dig puerarin and fern root, processed into 'Ge Ge' and 'Fern Gui', in order to survive the famine. Dong delicious beef, pork, fish and shrimp and sour, spicy and other foods; like vegetables, meat, fish pickled in the altar or barrels, the taste hot and sour, fragrant and delicious, is the hospitality guests top grade. Men drink alcohol, like smoking leaf tobacco. Wine and more glutinous rice brewing, the degree is not high, but wine lasting; and some without distillation, and even drink with the bad wine, called 'sweet wine.' Especially the New Year, Camellia and liqueurs are hospitality essential food. In winter, Dong men in mountainous areas like to go hunting in the mountains and 'Ansan' (with iron utensils, wild boar, goat, mountain rabbit and other wild animals) in winter to prepare for sale or 'rush' to sell men living in the river banks, Like fishing shrimp, add meat. Women, children like to collect mushrooms and snail mollusks. At the same time, like to eat tofu, tofu, tofu, tofu production and white, delicate, delicious, fresh soup and known. Boys and girls teens drink spring water, the elderly often at home, 'Huotang' simmer with pots boiled camellia, the taste of bitter back to cool Dong ethnic hi like to live together, there is a surname Walled or more surnamed congregation and other types. More villages built in Yishanbangshui place, its surrounding and household environment, elegant scenery, a variety of planting fruit trees, bamboo, drinking spring convenient. Old housing construction, mostly aisle-style wood structure of the 'open house' (also known as 'Swallow House') Cottage common for the three parallel, five parallel less. The middle one is 'Zhongtang' (commonly known as the 'Church House'), which shrinks a column to create a 'swallow'. It is generally used for rest, hospitality and festive weddings and funerals. There is no floor slab in the hall, and a shrine dedicated to gods and ancestors is located on the front wall of the hall. A fire shop is built in the back room and an iron tripod is placed in the fire pit. This is where the four seasons risotto and winter warmth. House on both sides of the bedroom for the bedroom (usually floor to prevent moisture), two rooms take a partial mansion, a kitchen, one for the livestock ring. At the same time, more than half of the building and stilts floor. Half of the building to choose the terrain and the second half is a cottage, the first half is the building, that is, 'Diaojiao Lou', the ancient name of 'dry bar', simple structure, beautiful form, such a building housing adapted to the steep mountain slope steep terrain. Wawu Township, Weng slow Township area, the construction of Diaojiaolou in front of one or both sides of the house, carved drums gong ring column, set Sihemen, installed 'Shou' character window. Upstairs to live, the first half of the gallery, bright and spacious, well-lit, as a place to rest or manual labor; the latter part of the chamber, which has a 'fire pond' is a place for cooking, heating. The altar set 'ancestors' tablets, sleeping on both sides of the bedroom. 'Dry bar' buildings, the placement of stone or stone grub, piles of straw tools and debris or livestock, in front of a small sun dam. Now Dong village, brick and wood, cement brick houses or new buildings, an increasing number of Dong clothing fabrics, multi-use of cotton, linen self-dyeing self-dyed Dong cloth, linen, satin and more for dress; hi Blue, purple, blue, white, light blue and other color clothes and gold and silver, feather beads accessories. Their costumes, according to historical records, the Song Dynasty, 'men did not marry, with a plug inserted Rooster', 'female conch beads as decoration'; Ming Dynasty, Dong ' Women's clothing, big skirts, skirts for the fine pleated skirt, add a post, embroidery miscellaneous ease, the chest with embroidered cloth one side, with silver thread for the decoration, the first comb combed ',' good Wearing gold and silver earrings, up to thirty-five pairs, to tie in the root of the ear .Sweat as fine as Kam, oblique seam on the tip for the hijab, footfold without heel sandals 'Qing Dynasty literature also has a similar description: Dong people,' vertebra, The first plug pheasant tail tail, floral clothing ';' Luo Han first pheasant feather, vertebral example, wrapped in wood comb, half cuff, there is no skirt, shirt shortest, pants the longest.
, Blouse, earrings. Bracelets with men. A skirt without skirts, short skirts, exposing their knees, chest wrapped belly, with silver embellishment, men and women each apprentice. 'Nearly a hundred years, began to change, different regions have their own unique Qing Dynasty within the black rock, Daping , Cow farm slope - belt, Dong men wearing long sleeve vest gown, wearing wide-brimmed trousers, head and long braid, wearing double-beam cloth shoes .Women wear bar dry clothes, chest bvlgari watches serpenti price replica hanging hydrangea, harness belt, head bag Pants, feet wearing embroidered shoes. During the Republic of China, clothing has changed. Middle-aged men wear lapel, white cloth waist trousers, the elderly wear long gown, beam green cloth belt; Trousers, small waist bib (embroidered with flowers, patterns), Baotou Pa, feet wearing embroidered shoes. Women hairstyle, carding on both sides, the first bag of pure white Pa, some packages Qing Si Pa. Hi wearing silver, such as collar, Necklace, bracelet, finger, earrings, silver flower, silver crown, feet ring. Rich people, and some also wear gold jewelry. After the liberation, the territory of Dong costumes, gradually no significant difference with the Han family, mostly monogamous patriarchal family When the son is married, having children, she and her parents Separated, and established a small family, only the only son and youngest son, parents live together with them, there are grandparents, parents, sons, 'three generations', and even 'middle-aged family' and extended family. Or small families of the same age, as long as separated father, the father is the head of the family, in charge of the economy and deal with the daily affairs of the family, the father and the child are young, the family property is held by the mother, the old is usually inherited by the man, the woman enjoys The mother's grafting of land and self-accumulation of property.With no children or no children, the industry can be law-in-law or heirs inheritance, the house has no right to ask.Finished according to 'have room to return to the room, no room for relatives, When you are separated from your family, you usually ask your uncle and your family to come in. All the belongings, farm animals, and houses should be equally divided by their sons except for the dowry, and parents and elders should be given priority Under the terms of 'old-age pension' and 'long-to-be-old brother', the children should be assigned the obligation to support their children afterwards if they have the responsibility of raising their children. By the son to share.If the parents premature death, elder brother has brother and sister upbringing until his family up so far.The family division of labor, basically 'male plow woman weaving', men undertake agricultural and heavy manual labor; women's spinning and weaving , Operating a garden and engaging in household chores, did not participate in the transplanting and reaping of the Dong ethnic marriage during the busy farming season. According to historical records, it was relatively free in history, namely 'marriage of men and women, or self-pleasing, , Most of them arranged by parents .Through the 'sit night', 'play the mountain Walled', love and fellowship, both parents agree that there are a lot of; purely free love, without parental permission, both to escape, a very small number Normal intermarriage, through the process of 'talking together', 'engagement', 'marrying.' 'Coincident' is the man inviting people (no special matchmaker) to marry a woman's house; 'engagement' To the woman's home hiring, bride price and return of the thickness, depending on their family economic conditions; 'married' that is, choose Jiri married, fashionable gift congratulations, blowing suona, riding a sedan chair, accompanied by dowry, worship worship, set Treat. Three days after marriage, 'back door', both men and women back to her parents, pay respect to the elderly, then 'sit down' husband. Now, with the social development of the wedding, there are new changes all over the world, mostly free marriages. In the history of Dong people prevailed 'cousins', has been banned. In addition, the widow can remarry, the widower can continue the string, both male or female, have the freedom of divorce, but usually the elderly or elders persuade ineffective after the formalities before birth, the existence of the early marriage, early childbirth and more Education, patriarchal phenomenon. Association - after the age, the implementation of 'family planning,' the basic national policy, the late marriage and childbirth has gradually formed a trend Spring Festival is the largest year of the Dong traditional festival, are generally called 'Chinese New Year.' Dong village in the lunar calendar on the 23rd, the first 'small year.' On that day, every household clean the inside and outside of the house, sacrifices 'God,' said 'speech stove.' After the small year, the slaughter of pigs, baked bacon, spring glutinous rice cake, making liqueur, roasted steamed wine (liquor), posted couplets, etc., prepared 'big year.' On the 30th of the twelfth lunar month (small on the 29th), the New Year was too late. New Year's Eve, furnishings, lighting candles, incense paper, worship ancestors; family reunion, drinking dinner overnight, keep fire, set fireworks, greet new year. During the Spring Festival, feast on friends and relatives, go to visit New Year, playing dragon and lion, walking on stilts, jumping lights, everywhere festive. Spend up to half a month or even play, lanterns, Wenqin, Yang opera, Han opera or other troupe to the village to perform traditional drama. In the past 20 years, during the Spring Festival and slack season, there have been touring villages and villages in Talibu and Miao nationality Tujia townships. In recent 20 years, the villages have also performed in rural areas in Hunan Province. They are popular with the community for 50 days after the Spring Festival , Dong people still lived on the 'social day' and still maintained the custom of sacrificing the graveyard (mainly glutinous rice, mixed with wild onions, artemisia, bacon and oil salt), but were limited to those who died in three years Or clan March 3 is the Dong traditional festival, commonly known as 'catch depression' or 'community.' In the past, the Dong people in Black Rock, Beef Slope, Old Yangping, Bukou and other places held the third day of the third lunar month every year. Men, women and children dressed in ethnic festivals gathered together to sing or place stories on the sunny and scenic col, Play. Especially young men and women in the form of duet folk songs, pour out their hearts, recorded mate until the twilight and return. In the early 1950s, due to being controlled by bandits, gambling sticks and rogues, the site of 'Passing Down' was dominated by bandits. The site of 'Passing Down' became a casino and was later banned by the People's Government. In recent years, some Dong youths went to the nearby Yuping Dong Autonomous County to participate in this event. The June 6 Dong ethnic community lived in a different area with the Lunar New Year June 6. The method of this festival is not the same. Somewhere called 'taste new festival', this day, new rice, vegetables and fish and other products for ancestors, and then the whole family meal. In some places, all day, whether rich or ordinary people, are exposed clothes, commonly known as 'drying robe.' Patriarch Tuan spectroscopy to prevent mildew, insect maggots Dong Funeral, popular with the coffin buried. Before the dead are exasperated, they are held up by their relatives until they have their breath (stop breathing) and burn the incense sticks of imitation bvlgari serpenti watch price 'Qi' and promptly report to the deceased's family or relatives. Relatives to the deceased bathing, barber (men shaved hair, female comb hair), after changing clothes, set up in the church or 'fire pond' on the door, and then install the coffin. In the meantime, the priests to do the 'Dojo', the younger generation to wear white filial Hsiao, filial piety, hat, holding 'guide' or incense stick with the priest 'around the old coffin,' send the dead. Pay attention to 'feng shui' by 'Mr. Yin and Yang' Feng Shui survey cemetery, choose the auspicious day funeral burial. On the third day after his death, his relatives and friends went to the graveyard to pay homage to the base grave (the 'round grave'). For the third consecutive year, before the Ching Ming Festival, the whole family and relatives and friends prepared the sacrificial offering or tombstone . At present, the funeral rituals are gradually simplified. The funeral of the elderly is rather grand. During the funeral period, they also have to sing their songs (now watching movies) In the history, the Dongs worshiped ancestors and believed in many gods. Yang head, tile house, dam yellow, Daping area of ??the Dong village, the old Duoli an 'ancestral hall' for the ancestral column of the ancestral tablets. Every sacrifice, slaughter sheep slaughtering sheep, the whole family gathered in the ancestral ancestors worship young and old, seeking protection for the family prosperity, human and animal safety. Complete the festival, we all celebrate, to show family unity. At the same time, they believe that there is a god of water and water, mountain and mountain gods, tree and tree gods, land and gods, grain and grain gods, etc. Side of the village wells, the ancient trees next to the Hill Road, the first bridge, with stones or brick erected a small 'God House.' On holidays or at home, we burn fragrant paper in front of 'God House' to pray for the blessing of the gods. In addition, there are many taboos in the lives of Dongs. Such as: New Year's Day and auspicious days, can not say unlucky (morning more stringent requirements); at home, women can not walk in front of elders, but to walk behind them to show respect. To Dong home guests, avoid foot 'fire pond' in the iron tripod; after dinner, can not bowl buckle dinner table, to be placed. Now, these taboos gradually disappear Tujia nationality, is one of the oldest ethnic groups in the country. In 1996, the total population knock off bulgari serpenti watch of Tujia population was 52,038, accounting for 17% of the total population of the city. 5 The 3011 Tujia people who claimed to occupy the total population of the ethnic minority in the city claimed to be 'Bi Zika' (meaning local people) Pakistani people have close relations of origin. Since the introduction of the 'chieftain system' from the Yuan Dynasty, alien chieftains have pioneered the southwestern region, with most of them being Yang (after Yang Sisi) and Tian (Tian Zongxian and Tian Bi). In addition, some migrated from cities and towns such as Fenghuang, Jishou in Guizhou, Guizhou along the river, Yinjiang, Sinan, Provincial Rivers Division (now Wanshan) and Xixi Division (now Jiangkou). According to the survey conducted in 1988, there were 80 149 surnames in villages with more than 100 inhabitants in Tujia. In 1996, the population of Tujia minority population in 7 ethnic minority townships and Tujia nationalities in the city was 29,091 in Tu-ra County, 5,726 in Tujia (5726), talc (219,300 in Tujia and 1250 in Tujia) Focus on Tujia staple rice, miscellaneous grains are corn, potato and so on. Desheng Tuen, Xiaojiangkou, shortyong area, rice and potato both, in the past so 'half a year rice, half a year,' said. Urn slowly, Dianthus, Sheep Walled and other mountainous areas, the staple food to more corn, has been circulating 'poor ditch high slope Six Dragons, three sticks Baogu when a meal' folk. Festivals and other festivals, pay attention to eat glutinous food, such as grubs, liqueurs, fried rice. Meat except pigs and sheep, chickens and ducks, like fish and shrimp, clam snail and other aquatic products. Talc, Baishui area, Tujia people 'encirclement' (bamboo cage) put lure erbium, release Tanaka catching yellow catfish, loach, rich meat products. Hi species.
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